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When the sun begins to shine and families begin to spend more time outside, family safety becomes a priority. With the heat, another precaution that arises is senior citizens and staying hydrated while engaging in outside, summer activities with family or friends.
Dehydration is defined as an excessive loss of body fluid or simply the lack of water in an individual. Most people know the basic definition of what it means to be dehydrated. However, what many do not know is that there are three main types of dehydration. There is hypotonic dehydration or the loss the electrolytes, specifically the loss of sodium. Hypertonic dehydration is another form of dehydration where a person experiences a loss of water. The most commonly known form of dehydration is isotonic dehydration. This commonly seen type of dehydration can cause hypervolemia or the state of decreased blood volume and decreased volume of blood plasma. Being aware of these types of dehydration, can help you develop the intuition to foresee dehydration before it reaches emergency level.
The reason dehydration goes unnoticed until it reaches emergency level many times is because it develops so gradually over time. It can take hours for the dehydration to affect the body. Since many of the early, preventable or simply treated symptoms go undetected; this causes the dehydration to reach that emergency level before being treated.
Causes of Dehydration
1. Decreased sense of thirst
As the body ages it loses important signal abilities that otherwise would self-regulate a need for fluids.
Many older adults are embarrassed by an excessive need to go to the bathroom. To avoid having to go to the bathroom less, they drink less. This is attempting to live in a “less in->less out” philosophy. This avoidance strategy can backfire because it can make one dangerously ill from dehydration.
There are a few other illnesses that can contribute to dehydration. Some of these illnesses can include: diarrhea, vomiting, fever or an infection.
Symptoms of Dehydration
Prevention methods are simple: drink an adequate amount of water. While it can be tiresome for an elder adult to consistently drink water, especially with a decrease sense of thirst, there are other means of maintaining liquid intake. One option is to have a diet of liquid rich foods. Fruits and vegetables are 80% water and therefore, can help keep an individual hydrated.
**This article was written with the aid of the following sites:**
When the humid weather hits families begin daydreaming about exotic vacation spots or summer getaways. While calling a travel agent and booking a budget friendly vacation is important; so is protecting senior citizens when traveling.
Whether your destination is close to home or thousands of miles away, most senior citizens will want to be included in their families’ vacation plans. Their health needs to be a top priority on your vacation “to-do” lists. A Healthy Travel: A 10-Minute Consult from Harvard Medical School report gives tips for providing a safe and healthy trip for your families, including senior citizens by carrying these following items:
1. Prescription medications. Take at least a week’s supply in your carry-on (if you’re flying) and store anything beyond a week’s supply in your regular luggage.
2. Other prescription medication. Depending on your destination and personal medical history, consider asking your doctor about taking along antibiotic for self-treatment, etc.
3. Take along allergy medications, such as antihistamine and 1% hydrocortisone cream for mild allergic reactions. If you or your traveling companion has a history of severe allergic reaction, bring an epinephrine auto-injector (such as EpiPen).
5. Bring cold-symptom medications, including a decongestant and throat lozenges.
6. Have “other” medication readily available, such as but not limited too: motion sickness medication; pain relievers (such as aspirin or ibuprofen); anti fungal and antibacterial ointments; lubricating eye drops; and first aid items (adhesive bandages, gauze, an elastic bandage, antiseptic, etc.).
These healthy tips are needed for keeping senior citizens safe during a vacation, so they can enjoy it.
It is also is vitally important for senior citizens to pick the correct destination for their vacations. When senior citizens have accomplished the goal of retirement, they deserve to enjoy a great getaway that is specifically geared towards them and their age. It is first, very important that senior citizens consult their doctors guidance before departing.
One vacation idea for senior citizens is a weight photo wander. This especially is a good idea if the senior citizens loves photography. On these activities, senior citizens are able to go on led tours of beautiful spots. Senior citizens can capture moments of wonderment in nature or fun pictures of the grandchildren.
Attending a luxury cruise trip is another good idea for a vacation for middle-agers. They will enjoy finding themselves in the company of other visitors their age. These cruises include activities such as sailing trips or other friendly and cheap deals for an elderly person, on a discount. It is also satisfactory as a senior citizen if you’re confident you’re safe and sound during your expedition.
Simple trips or bigger adventures can be both exciting or scary for senior citizens. It is important to have both your health and proper destination ”to-do lists” checked off and completed. This will ensure both a fun and safe vacation for senior citizens and their families.
**This article was written with the aid of the following articles**:
(Photo Credit: discoverbeautifulcruises.com)
The hot, humid weather of May after the April showers also brings to light the concern with senior citizens and sun safety. It is tempting to run outside whenever the sun rays shine through the windows. Before spending countless hours in the sun, it is important to be educated and take caution with sun safety.
The risk of skin cancer increases with age. In fact, skincancer.org reports “between 40 and 50 percent of Americans who live to age 65 will have at least one skin cancer”. It is common thought that senior citizens do not need protection from the sun. However, it is never too late or too soon to begin protecting yourself or an elder you love, from the sun.
Following these tips from The Skin Cancer Foundation, is the first step in sun-safety:
Following sun safety tips is only the first step in protecting senior citizens. Being educated on sun myths vs. truths is also extremely vital.
Here are a few myths and the truth about them:
Myth #1: Seniors need constant sun to supply vitamin D.
Truth: Seniors should only have about 15 minutes or less of sun exposure two or three times during the week. If they have this exposure on their face and hands, they will produce adequate amounts of Vitamin D. Also, Vitamin D is not only found in the sun, it is also found in foods and in multivitamins. Cautions such as wearing sunscreen, a hat and sunglasses are necessary.
Myth #2: Seniors only need to apply sunscreen once a day.
Truth: Sunscreen should be applied by seniors an hour before venturing into the sun and be reapplied about every two hours; if the senior is swimming or in the ocean then the sunscreen should be applied more frequently. The sunscreen should also have a broad spectrum of protection that blocks UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays cause tanning and wrinkling while the UVB rays cause sunburn, aging, wrinkling and skin cancer.
Myth #3: Seniors only need sunscreen at the pool or beach.
Truth: The elderly should wear sunscreen any time they are outside longer than 15 minutes. If a senior is exercising or working in the yard, they should avoid too much sun exposure.
Myth #4: Sunburn is the only problem seniors should worry about when exposed to the sun
Truth: This is not true. With the exposure to too much sun, senior citizens are also at risk for hurting their eyes. The UV rays can cause cataracts, macular degeneration and skin cancer around the eyes. Senior citizens should always wear sunglasses and these shades chosen should be brown, gray or green lenses. These darker and larger lenses are better at protecting the eyes. The shades should also wrap around the eyes and block a high percentage of UV rays.
**This article was written with the aid of these following sites: **
It’s that time of the year again. The tissue boxes and cough drops are making their appearance. RetireEase Senior Services has issued this article on precautions that senior adults can take to hopefully prevent an oncoming cold or influenza virus.
Having the flu is never a pleasant experience for anyone. The virus is brutal, usually accompanied by exhaustion, an aching body, coughing, and a fever among other symptoms. For the younger adults, the flu is not quite so serious. It may just mean a few days off from school or work and lots of tissues and chicken noodle soup. But the flu is a much greater threat to senior citizens; ultimately, the virus can be fatal. As the body ages, the immune system becomes weaker, making it harder and harder to bounce right back from an illness. Plus, the flu itself is not always the problem. The flu can cause other medical issues an older adult might have to become more serious, especially if the senior has diseases or problems dealing with his or her respiratory system. The most effective way to prevent the flu is to get an annual flu shot. Seniors should consult their doctors about this; senior adults would need to receive the vaccination early enough for it to start working before the flu virus comes into contact with him or her. The other precautions that can be taken to avoid the flu virus are similar to the ones that can be taken to avoid the common cold as well.
The common cold is just what it states- it’s common. But, just like influenza, a common cold for a senior citizen can be more threatening than for a younger generation. There are multiple things one can do to minimize the chance of catching a cold. During this season when it seems that everyone is constantly coughing and sneezing, it bodes well to wash your hands often. Think of the doorknobs, remotes, cell phones, and other items that sick people have touched. It is a little hard to twist a doorknob with your toes, so just wash your hands afterward, since it cannot be helped. This also means limiting the contact between your hands and your eyes/nose/mouth. Touching an infected doorknob and then touching your face is a sure way to transmit the cold to your body. An obvious answer is to avoid, if possible, people who are infected. If you absolutely have to be near them, just remember to keep washing your hands as much as possible. Also, remember to drink plenty of water. It’s vital that we drink water to stay healthy, and it’s important to drink even more water during this season so that our bodies can fight off sickness better. A senior also needs to get the appropriate amount of sleep and food to stay healthy. A body that is busy fighting off a virus needs to be regenerated and taken care of, so sleep and nutrition is essential. Taking vitamins, especially Vitamin C, will also help the body to be in it’s top form to battle a cold.
Remember, influenza and the common cold can become a large threat to senior citizens and precautionary measures should become a priority to keep older adults healthy and feeling well.
***The information to write this article was provided by these articles:
link to website: http://www.healthwellness1.com/
link to article: http://www.essortment.com/common-cold-prevention-10-tips-37676.html
link to website: http://www.essortment.com/
Even though senior citizens are older it certainly doesn’t mean that they have to or should stop exercising. Even those elderly that may have certain physical or health disabilities or conditions can have daily exercise programs. As with any age, daily exercise has long-term health benefits. The National Institutes of Health’s SeniorHealth recommends four types of exercises for seniors. This includes the categories of endurance, strength, balance and flexibility.
Running, jogging, walking and biking are all examples of endurance exercises. Endurance exercises increase your heart rate, circulation and breathing rate since you rely on your cardiovascular system to keep your body in motion. These endurance exercises improve your overall health and well-being because they help increase lung capacity and improve the functioning of the heart & circulatory system. Endurance exercises should run 30 minutes in length. These exercises should also be done at your own pace, so you can get complete satisfaction out of it.
Weightlifting and targeted exercises such as abdominal curls or leg lifts are examples of strength exercises. Your daily exercises such as lifting groceries out of the trunk of your car, are examples as well. Strength exercises can build up your muscles and can improve your ability to perform simple daily activities. When certain areas of your body are strengthened, such as the lower back, it can reduce your risk of injury.
Balance exercises are recommended for seniors as a way to prevent injuries due to falls or lack of balance. If your perform certain balance exercises, such as standing on one foot, can help improve coordination and balance and reduce your risk of injury. These exercises can also build your muscles to help improve your stability.
Flexibility and being limber can improve certain daily activities also. When performing tasks, such as reaching into a cabinet or doing laundry, you’ll appreciate benefits of performing flexibility exercises. These exercises can help reduce your risk of joint injury. Some exercise programs such as yoga, Pilates, or tai chi are all helpful in improving your personal flexibility. These programs can be found at local gyms.
**This article was written with the aid of www.livestrong.com. (http://www.livestrong.com/article/411396-good-exercises-for-senior-citizens/)
It is a scary reality for any senior citizen to face. The fact that their forgetting little facts, people’s names or even recalling memories is more than just “growing older”. Perhaps there is a more serious cause of all these lapses in memory. Maybe it is something as serious as dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. These big names sound daunting and life altering, which they can be. However, knowing the signs and preventative measures for both, can help reduce the disease and make it easier to live with.
Frist of all: What is Alzheimer’s disease and dementia?
Dementia is the general term for the severe decline in mental ability in senior citizens that may hinder their daily life. Unlike other diseases, this term is not one for a specific disease. It refers to a wide range of symptoms associated with decline in memory or thinking skills. Some of the more specific diseases that fall under the umbrella of “dementia” is Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia (which occurs after a stroke), and others.
Dementia is caused by a variety of symptoms including reversible issues like a problem with the thyroid or a vitamin deficiency. It is often wrongly referred to as “senility” or “senile dementia,” both of which reflect a formerly widespread and incorrect belief that serious mental decline is simply “a normal part of aging.”
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. (It accounts for 50 to 80 percent of dementia cases). It causes issues with memory, thinking and behavior. The symptoms typically develop slowly and progressively get worse with time. They can even become severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. Alzheimer’s disease is not a normal part of aging. Many patients of this disease are 65 or older however. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease but treatments are available to give more time for someone suffering from the disease. Also, new research on the disease is being conducted daily.
Here are the 10 Warning Signs for Alzheimer ’s disease:
Both of these diagnoses can be scary. Losing one’s memory or ability to conduct daily activities can be frightening or even devastating. However, resources are available for family members or senior citizens suffering from these diseases. Help is available. If you need more information or want someone to talk to about dementia or Alzheimer’s disease with: visit or call alz.org/10signs or 800.272.3900.
**This blog post was written with the aid of information gathered from alz.org.